As discoveries of early human fossils and artifacts proceed to accumulate, the story will become greater fascinating and complex. The stays of lots of special folks have been located so far. They vary from the southern tip of Africa to the frozen mountains of Russia’s Siberia and the tropical islands of Indonesia.
The plan (below) indicates the sequence of these human stays discovered in contemporary post-Flood floor layers, and the following pages comprise maps displaying the place these stays occurred. Most historical anthropology books display charts and maps comparable to this one. So how do creationists provide an explanation for the timing and area of these early human stays from a biblical perspective?
The first cavemen after Babylon
First, we understand that the complete human race consisted of eight men and women at the quit of the Flood, round 2350 B.C. This was once one “family”, however 4 girls have been married to the lineage of Noah. So the most range of household lineages that delivered their genes into the ark used to be 5 (four unrelated women, and one line of men).
Furthermore, we be aware of that all human beings who settled on the planet after the Flood had been descended from the three sons of Noah: “These three have been the sons of Noah, and from these the entire earth was once inhabited” (Genesis 9:19). According to Genesis 11, they had many sons and daughters, such as Canaan, whose descendants subsequently based the Canaanite cities the place Abraham later resided.
The developing household of Noah finally moved en masse to the Shinar simple (in current Iraq), the place they determined to construct a city.
There are no cavemen yet.
The unfold from this first city, Babylon, places the oldest time restriction on people whose stays on occasion show up in caves. The Bible does now not supply a precise date for this event. But he says the earth “divided up” the days of Peleg, 5 generations after Noah. It is assumed that this is a reference to Babylon. If the dispersal from Babylon passed off at the beginning of Peleg, the earliest date would be one century after the flood, round 2250 BC in accordance to the Masoretic text.
The remaining guys of the cave in the front of Abraham
The dispersal from Babylon explains when people first unfold throughout continents. But at what factor in biblical records did the guys and female acknowledged as Neanderthals and their household disappear?
Solving this puzzle is a bit extra complicated.
Important proof is that all of these people are current in floor sediments related with the post-flood ice age (traditionally recognized as the Ice Age). Their bones show up buried alongside extinct animals from the Ice Age, such as mammoths and stegodons.
The Book of Genesis does no longer specially point out this extraordinarily brief generation of international local weather change, however the glaciers have left bleak reminders of their detrimental energy at some stage in northern Europe, Asia, and North America, as properly as the mountainous highlands of Africa, South America, and South America. Asia.
The Ice Age started after the Flood and ultimately ended. Once again, the Bible offers us vital clues for identifying approximate dates. By the day of Abraham, round 2000 B.C., cities had sprung up all over the Middle East. Neanderthals and their Pleistocene cousins have no longer been observed associated to any of these cities. We do now not discover any Ice Age animal stays related with these settlements.
In fact, any charcoal from Ice Age sediments is continuously pre-dates any of the cities.3 For example, ten Neanderthals have been located in an Iraqi cave north of Babylon (Shanidar Cave), relationship returned to earlier than any town in these Region. Similarly, Neanderthal fossils have been located in caves of Israel, such as Skuhl’s Cave at Mount Carmel, however the stays date from earlier than the earliest Canaanite cities, such as Jericho.
One fundamental phylogenetic sequence in the successive post-Flood floor layers is indisputable: the Ice Age preceded the hotter duration we stay in today. Since the stays in all acknowledged cities date returned to after the Ice Age and have no Ice Age remains, it seems that the traces of the Ice Age waned earlier than the institution of the cities in which Abraham resided.
human fossil site
The Bible offers the time body for the unfold of the first humans. But what about the place of their remains?
Genesis would not provide a good deal element about the geography proper after Babylon, however it is now not challenging to fill in some of the gaps. At the top of the Ice Age, so a great deal water used to be sure to the ice that the ocean degree fell 330 ft (100 meters) under trendy level. The nature of the earth was once very special from today. The high-quality locations to elevate a household used to be a lot exclusive than they are now!
The hassle of developing everlasting settlements used to be in addition complex by using local weather change, torrential rains, and unstable land in the years following the international flood disaster. Geology from this generation suggests that big earthquakes and volcanic eruptions nonetheless shake components of the Earth, dwarfing any neighborhood catastrophes we study today. It is handy to think about why the early populace persevered to migrate.
As the sons of Noah spread
This is what we discover in the fossil record. With the exception of a few stone equipment and some footprints left in volcanic ash in East Africa, we do no longer locate human stays in any post-flood sediments till they all of sudden show up in more than one areas at the equal relative degree from the Lower Pleistocene.
Fossils and stone equipment have been dated in East Africa and Central Asia from the equal popular time period. In fact, these fossils are so shut in time that specialists debate which got here first. Specifically, human fossils had been determined in the mountainous place north of Babylon (Republic of Georgia) and show up to be as historic as whatever discovered in East Africa.
These human fossils – and their stone equipment – are strikingly comparable in all places they had been observed in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene layers 5 (see map 2). These humans had massive brow edges, a small chin, and a sagging forehead. Although specialists every so often name fossils in extraordinary areas exceptional names, they understand the similarities and agree that they can be referred to as via one name.
Later distinction between fossils
In the higher sediments (Upper Ice Age), a exquisite variety seems amongst the descendants of Noah. These human stays are located in a an awful lot large vary of locations in the a long way reaches of Europe, southern Africa and jap Asia (see map 3).
Fossils additionally exhibit a massive range of bodily features. The Bible tips that God created the human physique that is succesful of taking on extra various types than we see today. Giant Goliath, for example, used to be over 9 ft (3 meters) tall. But these Ice Age deposits exhibit us different probabilities in God’s design, such as the 3-foot (1 meter) excessive “hobbit” located on the Indonesian island of Flores.